Complying with apprentice-journeyperson ratios
The book ratio to comply with in the residential sector is the same for all trades: 1 journeyperson for 1 apprentice.
Ratio 1-1 Numberofjourneymen Numberof apprentices allowed 1 1 2 2 3 3 Etc. Etc.
Industrial, institutional and commercial, and civil engineering and roads sectors
Trade or speciality Journeyperson-Apprentice book ratio Boiler maker 2-1 Bricklayer-mason 2-1 Carpenter-joiner 2-1 Cement finisher 2-1 Crane operatorclass A 1-1 Crane operator2nd man 1-1 Crane operatorclass B 1-1 Electrician 2-1 Elevator mechanic 1-1 Erector mechanic(glazier) 2-1 Fire-protection mechanic 1-1 Heavy equipment mechanic 1-1 Heavy equipment operator class A 2-1 Heavy equipment operator class B 2-1 Insulator 2-1 Interior systems installer 2-1 Ironworker 2-1 Join pointer (painter), new surface 2-1 Join pointer (plasterer), new surface 2-1 Milwright 2-1 Painter 2-1 Parquetry worker-sander 2-1 Pipe fitter (plumber, heating system installer) 2-1 Plasterer 2-1 Refrigeration mechanic 2-1 Reinforcing steel erector 2-1 Resilient flooring layer 2-1 Roofer 2-1 Security systems installer 1-1 Shovel operatorclass A 1-1 Shovel operatorclass B 1-1 Tile setter 2-1 Tinsmith 2-1
Ratio 1-1 Nombre de compagnons Nombre d'apprentis permis 1 1 2 2 3 3 Etc. Etc. Ratio 2-1 Nombre de compagnons Nombre d'apprentis permis 1 ou 2 1 3 ou 4 2 5 ou 6 3 Etc. Etc.
Job-site journeyperson/apprentice ratios (proportions)
For a single day of work on a job site, the proportion for a given trade must, at minimum, correspond to 1 journeyperson for 1 apprentice.
For each journeyperson on the job, it is possible to supervise an extra apprentice, for a maximum of two apprentices on the site. This can occur under the two following conditions:
- One of the apprentices is in his or her final apprenticeship period. The trades with a single apprenticeship period (reinforcing steel erector, heavy equipment operator, and shovel operator) are excluded from this possibility
- One of the apprentices is a woman
It is important to note that these situations are not cumulative, which means that employer who want to increase their ratio must have one person in the final apprenticeship period OR a woman.